Privacy Policy/Legal

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This Web site is owned and operated by Hedges Management, Inc., dba Hedges & Company, offered to the User conditioned on acceptance by the User without modification of the terms, conditions, and notices contained herein. Use of the content, services, and/or products presented in any and all areas of this site constitutes the User’s agreement to abide by the following terms and conditions and those posted in specific areas of the site.

All contents of this Web site are: Copyright © 2004-2024 Hedges Management, Inc., dba Hedges & Company unless specifically referred to as copyrighted material from another party. All rights reserved. Trademarks/logos are the property of their respective owners. This Web site is for the User’s personal, noncommercial use. If you download any material, copyright and other notices must be kept intact. The right to use it is not transferable to any other person or entity. User is responsible for all use (under any screen name or password) and for ensuring that all use of this Web site complies fully with the provisions of this Agreement. User may not modify, copy, distribute, transmit, display, perform, reproduce, publish, license, create derivative works from, transfer, or sell any information, or other content, software, products or services obtained from this Web site without permission. In addition, the information may not be taken out of context or presented in an unfair, misleading or discriminatory manner.

Disclaimer: ALL MATERIALS AND SERVICES IN THIS SITE AND THIRD-PARTY SITES TO WHICH IT LINKS ARE PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. THE CONTENT PUBLISHED ON THIS WEB SITE MAY INCLUDE INACCURACIES OR TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS. CHANGES ARE PERIODICALLY MADE TO THE INFORMATION HEREIN. IMPROVEMENTS AND/OR CHANGES MAY BE MADE TO THIS WEB SITE AT ANY TIME INCLUDING CHANGES TO THESE TERMS AND CONDITIONS. HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS AND, TO THE FULLEST EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE REGARDING THE SUITABILITY OF THE INFORMATION; THE ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, COMPLETENESS OR TIMELINESS OF THE CONTENT, SERVICES, PRODUCTS, TEXT, GRAPHICS, LINKS, OR OTHER ITEMS CONTAINED WITHIN THIS SITE, OR THE RESULTS OBTAINED FROM ACCESSING AND USING THIS SITE AND/OR THE CONTENT CONTAINED HEREIN. HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. DOES NOT WARRANT THAT THE FUNCTIONS CONTAINED IN THE MATERIALS WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE, THAT DEFECTS WILL BE CORRECTED, OR THAT THIS SITE IS FREE OF VIRUSES OR OTHER HARMFUL COMPONENTS. THE USER ASSUMES THE ENTIRE COST OF ALL NECESSARY MAINTENANCE, REPAIR OR CORRECTION. Use of this site is at your own risk. This site may contain advice, opinions, and statements of various information providers and content providers. Use of the advice, opinions and statements on this site relies on specific situations and goals, and the gathering of additional information, therefore HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. does not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or other information provided by any information provider or content provider, or any user of this site or other person or entity. Reliance upon any such opinion, advice, statement, or other information without further consultation with HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. shall also be at your own risk. Neither HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC., nor affiliates, nor any of their respective agents, employees, information providers or content providers shall be liable to any User or anyone else for any inaccuracy, error, omission, interruption, timeliness, completeness, deletion, defect, failure of performance, computer virus, communication line failure, alteration of, or use of any content herein, regardless of cause, or for any damages resulting therefrom.

Links To Third-Parties’ Web Sites: This web site may contain links and pointers to Internet sites maintained by third parties. HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. does not operate or control in any respect any information, products or services on such third-party sites. Third-party links are included solely for the convenience of Users, and do not constitute any endorsement by HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. User assumes sole responsibility for use of third-party links and pointers and disclaimers set forth herein are equally applicable to such third-party sites.

Articles on this site may include embedded content (e.g. videos, images, articles, etc.). Embedded content from other websites behaves in the exact same way as if the visitor has visited the other website.

These websites may collect data about you, use cookies, embed additional third-party tracking, and monitor your interaction with that embedded content, including tracking your interaction with the embedded content if you have an account and are logged in to that website.

Third-Party Content: This web site is a distributor with regard to content supplied by third-party suppliers and Users, therefore, HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC., has no more editorial control over such content than a public library, bookstore or newsstand. Any opinions, advice, statements, services, offers, or other information or content expressed or made available by third parties, including information providers and Users are those of the respective author(s) or distributor(s) and not necessarily of this web site.

THIS SITE UTILIZES COOKIES AND GATHERS INFORMATION ON BROWSING TIME, PAGE VIEWS, AND OTHER SIMILAR METRICS AS TRACKED WITH GOOGLE ANALYTICS. THIS INFORMATION IS ANALYZED IN AGGREGATE TO MEASURE SITE PERFORMANCE AND TO IMPROVE THE USER EXPERIENCE. This site may use cookies from Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google, DoubleClick or other advertising platforms to implement a remarketing campaign. These cookies are used to serve ads based on your past visits to this site. To the best of our knowledge these remarketing campaigns do not collect personally identifiable information but these third-party platforms and vendors are not under control by HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. Third-party vendors may show our ads on sites across the Internet as part of these remarketing campaigns. You may opt-out of Twitter’s use of cookies by visiting Twitter’s Help Center. You may opt-out of Google’s use of cookies by visiting Google’s Ad Settings. Alternatively you can opt out of third-party cookies by visiting the Network Advertising Initiative opt-out page or you can opt out of DoubleClick’s remarketing pixels by visiting the DoubleClick opt-out page.

When visitors leave comments on the site we collect the data shown in the comments form, and also the visitor’s IP address and browser user agent string to help spam detection.

An anonymized string created from your email address (also called a hash) may be provided to the Gravatar service to see if you are using it. The Gravatar service privacy policy is available here: After approval of your comment, your profile picture is visible to the public in the context of your comment.

We collect information about visitors who comment on Sites that use our Akismet anti-spam service. The information we collect depends on how the User sets up Akismet for the Site, but typically includes the commenter’s IP address, user agent, referrer, and Site URL (along with other information directly provided by the commenter such as their name, username, email address, and the comment itself).

Software Or Downloads Available On This Web Site: Any software that is made available to use or download from this Web site (“Software”) is the copyrighted work of HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. Use of the Software is governed by the terms of the end-user license agreement, if any, which accompanies or is included with the Software (“License Agreement”). End users shall not install or use any Software that is accompanied by or includes a License Agreement, unless the end user first agrees to the License Agreement terms. Any such software is not available to Users in territories where its distribution is prohibited by law.

E-mail: We respect the privacy of the readers and shall not disclose, distribute or rent the E-mail subscriber newsletter list to any third party, nor shall it permit anyone else to do so.

Modification: HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. shareholders, directors and employees shall have the right, at its discretion, to change, modify, add or remove terms of this agreement at any time without notice. Changes shall be effective immediately. You agree to review this agreement periodically since subsequent use by you of this site shall constitute your acceptance of any changes. HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC. shall have the right at any time to change or discontinue any aspect of the web site, including, but not limited to, community areas, content, hours of availability and equipment needed for access to use. Such changes, modifications, additions or deletions shall be effective immediately upon posting and any subsequent use by you after such posting shall conclusively be deemed to be acceptance by you of such changes, modifications or deletions.

Termination: This agreement is effective until terminated by HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC., or its shareholders, directors, at any time without notice.

Indemnity/Limitation of Liability: Under no circumstances, including, but not limited to, negligence, shall HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC., or affiliates be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages that result from the use of, or the inability to use, these materials. You specifically acknowledge and agree that employees shareholders and directors of HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC., are not liable for any conduct of any User. As a condition of use of this Web site, the User agrees to indemnify employees, shareholders and directors of HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC., against any and all liabilities, expenses (including attorneys’ fees) and damages arising out of claims resulting from User’s use of this Web site, including without limitation any claims alleging facts that if true would constitute a breach by User of these terms and conditions. If you are dissatisfied with any material on this site, or with any of these terms and conditions, your sole and exclusive remedy is to discontinue using this Web site.

Applicable Laws: This Agreement has been made in and shall be construed and enforced in accordance with Ohio law. Any action to enforce this agreement shall be brought in the Federal or state courts located in the State of Ohio. If any provision is deemed to be unlawful or unenforceable, that shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the remaining provisions.

General: HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC., reserves the right to make any and all changes to this Web site at his sole discretion without notice to the User. HEDGES MANAGEMENT, INC., reserves the right to deny access to this Web site to anyone at any time. This Agreement shall be deemed to include all other notices, policies, disclaimers, and other terms contained in this Web site; provided, however, that in the event of a conflict between such other terms and the terms of this Agreement, the terms of this Agreement shall control.